JUDE
Jude, the book
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Jude, the person [EBD]

= Judas. Among the apostles there were two who bore this name,

  • (1) Judas (Jude 1:1; Matthew 13:55; John 14:22; Acts 1:13), called also Lebbaeus or Thaddaeus (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18); and
  • (2) Judas Iscariot (Matthew 10:4; Mark 3:19). He who is called "the brother of James" (Luke 6:16), may be the same with the Judas surnamed Lebbaeus. The only thing recorded regarding him is in John 14:22.


Jude, the man [SBD]

called also LEBBEUS and THADDEUS, Authorized Version "Judas the brother of James," one of the twelve apostles. The name of Jude occurs only once in the Gospel narrative. (John 14:22; Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:16; John 14:22; Acts 1:13) Nothing is certainly known of the later history of the apostle. Tradition connects him with the foundation of the church at Edessa.


Jude, the apostle [ISBE]

jood (Ioudas): Brother of the Lord, and author of the Epistle of Jude.

See * JUDAS OF JAMES and following article.


* JUDAS OF JAMES

(Ioudas Iakobou):

One of the twelve apostles (Luke 6:16; Acts 1:13; for etymology, etc., see JUDAS).

The King James Version has the reading "brother of James," and the Revised Version (British and American) reads "son of James." The latter is to be preferred.

In John 14:22 he is described as "Judas (not Iscariot)." The name corresponds with the "Thaddaeus" or "Lebbaeus whose surname was Thaddaeus" of Matthew 10:3 the King James Version and Mark 3:18 (compare THADDAEUS ). The identification of Thaddaeus with Judas is generally accepted, though Ewald and others hold that they were different persons, that Thaddeus died during Christ's lifetime, and that Judas was chosen in his place (compare Bruce, Training of the Twelve, 34).

If the Revised Version (British and American) is accepted as the correct rendering of Luke 6:16 and Acts 1:13, this Judas cannot be identified either with the Juda (Mark 6:3 the King James Version), Judas (Mark 6:3 the Revised Version (British and American)), or Judas (Matthew 13:55), the brother of Jesus; or with the Judas (Jude 1:1 the Revised Version margin) or Jude (Jude 1:1 the King James Version), the brother of James, whether these two latter Judases are to be regarded as the same or not.

The only incident recorded of Judas of James is in John 14:22, where during Christ's address to the disciples after the last supper he put the question, "Lord, what is come to pass that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?"

C. M. Kerr


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