What the scriptures say about
v. soothe, cheer | n. relief in affliction, consolation
one who comforts others; Holy Spirit; advocate, helper, interceeder, defender, strengthener, counselor
Easton's Bible Dictionary | Smith's Bible Dictionary | International Standard Bible Encyclopedia | Thompson Chain Reference

COMFORT in scriptures [BibleGateway Search]

select Cross Reference Bible links
2 Corinthians 1:3-7 | Job 42:11 | Psalm 94:19 | Jeremiah 16:7 | Ezekiel 14:22 | Luke 2:25

COMFORTER [Easton's Bible Dictionary]

The designation of the Holy Ghost (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7; RSV marg., "or Advocate, or Helper; Gr. paracletos").

The same Greek word thus rendered is translated "Advocate" in 1 John 2:1 as applicable to Christ. It means properly "one who is summoned to the side of another" to help him in a court of justice by defending him, "one who is summoned to plead a cause."

"Advocate" is the proper rendering of the word in every case where it occurs.

It is worthy of notice that although Paul nowhere uses the word paracletos, he yet presents the idea it embodies when he speaks of the "intercession" both of Christ and the Spirit (Romans 8:27, 34).

COMFORTER [Smith's Bible Dictionary]

(John 14:16) The name given by Christ to the Holy Spirit. The original word is Paraclete, and means first Advocate, a defender, helper, strengthener, as well as comforter.

COMFORT [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

kum'-fert (nacham; parakaleo):
The New Testament word is variously translated, as "comfort," "exhort," "beseech," the exact translation to be determined by the context.

Etymologically, it is "to call alongside of," i.e. to summon for assistance. To comfort is to cheer and encourage. It has a positive force wanting in its synonym "console," as it indicates the dispelling of grief by the impartation of strength. the Revised Version (British and American) has correctly changed the translation of paramutheomai from the King James Version "comfort," to "consolation."

So in the Old Testament, "Comfort ye my people" (Isaiah 40:1) is much stronger than "console," which affords only the power of calm endurance of affliction, while the brightest hopes of the future and the highest incentives to present activity are the gifts of the Divine grace that is here bestowed.

H. E. Jacobs

COMFORTER [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

This is translation of the word patakletos, in the Johannine writings. In the Gospel it occurs in John 14:16,26; 15:26; 16:7, and refers to the Holy Spirit. The word means literally, "called to one's side" for help.

The translation "Comforter" covers only a small part of the meaning as shown in the context. The word "Helper" would be a more adequate translation. The Spirit does a great deal for disciples besides comforting them,

although to comfort was a part of His work for them.

The Spirit guides into truth; indeed, He is called the Spirit of truth.

He teaches and quickens the memory of disciples and glorifies Christ in them.

He also has a work to do in the hearts of unbelievers, convicting the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment (John 14 through John 16).

The Comforter remains permanently with disciples after He comes in response to the prayers of Christ.

The word parakletos does not occur elsewhere in the Scriptures except in 1 John 2:1.

In Job 16:2 the active form of the word (parakletos is passive) is found in the plural, where Job calls his friends "miserable comforters." The word "Comforter" being an inadequate, and the word "Helper" a too indefinite, translation of the word in the Gospel of John, it would probably be best to transfer the Greek word into English in so far as it relates to the Holy Spirit (see PARACLETE ).

In 1 John 2:1 the word parakletos refers to Christ:

"If any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous."
Here the translation Advocate is quite correct. As the next verse shows the writer has in mind the intercession of Christ for Christians on the basis of His mediatorial work:
"And he is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for the whole world" (1 John 2:2).


E. Y. Mullins

COMFORTABLY [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

kum'-fer-ta-bli (`al lebh, "to the heart"):
"To speak to the heart," i.e. to speak kindly, to console, to comfort, is the ordinary Hebrew expression for wooing: e.g. Boaz spake "to the heart" of Ruth (Ruth 2:13 margin; the King James Version "friendly," the Revised Version (British and American) "kindly").

The beauty of the Hebrew term is illustrated in Genesis 50:21 where Joseph "spake kindly" unto his brethren, winning them from fear to confidence. Rendered "comfortably" in five passages: thrice of human speaking, and twice of the tenderness of God's address to His people.

David was urged to win back the hearts of the people by kind words: "speak comfortably" (2 Samuel 19:7).

Hezekiah in like manner comforted the Levites (2 Chronicles 30:22) and encouraged his captains (2 Chronicles 32:6). The term has exceptional wealth of meaning in connection with God's message of grace and forgiveness to His redeemed people. The compassionate love that has atoned for their sins speaks to the heart ("comfortably") of Jerusalem, saying "that her iniquity is pardoned" (Isaiah 40:2).

The same promise of forgiveness is given to the penitent nation by the prophet Hosea (Hosea 2:14); "comfortable words" (Zechariah 1:13), i.e. words affording comfort.

Dwight M. Pratt

COMFORTLESS [International Standard Bible Encyclopedia]

kum'-fert-les (orphanous, "orphans"):
The Greek original is found but twice in the New Testament; rendered
"comfortless" in John 14:18, the Revised Version (British and American) "desolate";

"fatherless" in James 1:27 (compare Psalms 68:5).

The term signifies bereft of a father, parents, guardian, teacher, guide, and indicates what must be the permanent ministry of the Holy Spirit to the disciples of Jesus, in comforting their hearts. In harmony with these parting words Jesus had called the chosen twelve "little children" (John 13:33); without Him they would be "orphans," comfortless, desolate.

The coming of the Holy Spirit would make Christ and the Father forever real to them, an abiding spiritual presence.

Dwight M. Pratt

COMFORT [Thompson Chain Reference]
 # God as the Giver of

    * Psalms 71:21
    * Psalms 86:17
    * Isaiah 12:1
    * Isaiah 51:3
    * Isaiah 51:12
    * Isaiah 66:13
    * 2 Corinthians 1:3
    * 2 Corinthians 7:6
    * SEE Comforter, The

# Christ's Words a Source of

    * Matthew 9:22
    * Mark 5:36
    * Luke 7:13
    * John 14:1
    * John 14:18
    * John 16:33
    * 2 Thessalonians 2:16
    * SEE Christ 

# The Duty of Administering

    * Isaiah 40:1
    * 1 Corinthians 14:3
    * 1 Corinthians 14:31
    * 2 Corinthians 2:7
    * 1 Thessalonians 4:18
    * 1 Thessalonians 5:11
    * 1 Thessalonians 5:14
    * SEE Sympathy

# Examples of Men Giving

    * Genesis 50:21
    * 1 Chronicles 7:22
    * Job 2:11
    * John 11:31
    * SEE Sympathy

# Special Comforting Passages

    * Job 5:19
    * Job 11:16
    * Psalms 27:5
    * Psalms 30:5
    * Psalms 42:5
    * Psalms 103:13
    * Psalms 119:50
    * Psalms 138:7
    * Isaiah 46:4
    * Isaiah 61:3
    * Isaiah 63:9
    * Matthew 5:4
    * John 14:1
    * Romans 8:28
    * 1 Thessalonians 3:7
    * 1 Thessalonians 4:13
    * SEE Divine
    * SEE Encouragement
    * SEE Fear Nots
    * SEE Afflictions
    * SEE Security
    * SEE Divine 

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